Students Engaged in Marginlization-Related Diminished Returns Research

Analysis of publicly availabe data sets to understand how racism impacts middle-class people of color in the United States

With students at Charles R Drew University (CDU) and University of Michigan (UM), we are working with a multi-disciplinary team of experts who are interested in studying how racism influences the brain development of middle-class people. Our analysis of the ABCD data shows that due to racism and discrimination, the effects of parental education and household income on neurocognitive outcomes such as executive function, memory, inhibitory control, and emotion are all weaker for Black and Latino than non-Latino White children. We have also found weaker effects of SES on functional and structural brain measures for Black and Latino than non-Latino White children. This is in part because stress, trauma, and discrimination remains high for middle-class Black children. Our paper is still under review.

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Associate Professor, Wayne State University